Manas National Park
Situated at the foothills of the Bhutan Himalayas, with unique Bio-diversity and landscape is one of the fine reserves included in the network of Tiger Reserve under Project Tiger in 1973, Manas National Park is a shelter for endanger and rare species of as many as 55 species of Mammals, with surprising 380 species of birds also including 3 species of Amphibians. The Park got its name from Manas River which flows through the park and the river itself named after Goddess Manasa. Manas river originates from the gorges of Bhutan and split into two major streams of which the main water course comes out of the National Park about 30 km downstream is known as Beki and the name of the other stream is Bholkaduba.
Manas river also acts as an international border dividing Indian and Bhutan. The bedrock of the Savanna area in the north of the park made up of Limestone and Sandstone, whereas the Grasslands in the south of the park is made up of deep deposits of Alluvium. The combination of sub- Himalayan Bhabar Terai formation along with riverine succession continuing up to sub- Himalayan mountain forest making it one of the richest Bio-diversity areas in the world.
The prime attraction of the park are tigers, elephants, rhinoceros and wild buffaloes. But that does not mean that the list ends here. Leopards, pigmy hog, red pandas, swamp deer, capped langurs, hoolock gibbons, sambar, roofed turtle, Hispid Hare and golden Langur are also find here. Bengal Florican is the most important endangered bird species here. Among other frequently seen birds are ungle Fowls, bulbuls, Brahminy Ducks, Gray hornbills.
The vegetation in the Forest is primarily tropical moist deciduous type. The fast disappearing hispid hare needs swampy atmosphere to survive. It is also seen Khairsissoo-bhabhar grass, mul, khoir, udal, sida, bohera and kanchan trees in and around the park. Altogether, Manas National Park Assam offers some of the most eye-pleasing natural surroundings in the country.
Manas National Park an UNESCO world heritage site, extends over an area of 2837 sq. km from Sankosh river in the West and Dhansiri river in the East, with a core area of 500 Sq. km is one of the dense, most wild and least frequented National Park. It was declared a Sanctuary in October 1928 and was designated a World Heritage site in December 1985. It got National Park status in September 1990.
Mathanguri is one of the most popular and beautiful tourist destinations in Manas National Park. The best way to explore the wildlife is to take a Boat Ride in river Manas. The Boat Ride starts from Mathanguri and ends 35 km away. Elephant ride available here. It is also fascinating as the trained Elehpant goes into the dense forest and there are bright chances to watch the wild animals from very close. Jeep Safari is also available from Mathanguri.
The nearest city of Manas National Park is Barpeta Road, which is around 20 km away. The nearest Airport is Guwahati, 140 km away.
Manas is one of the nine Tiger Reserve Sanctuaries in India.
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