The “Land of the rising Sun” or “Land of the Dawn Lit Mountains” is tucked away in the extreme North East and comprises roughly 83,573 Sq Km, makes tourists spellbound with its majestic beauty spread lavishly on the green hills. Shared its border with Bhutan, Myanmar and Tibet in the Northern boundary and Assam and Nagaland in the South, Arunachal Pradesh is the India’s newest and least known state attained the statehood on the 20th February, 1987. Before being declared as an independent state it was called North East Frontier Agency or NEFA.
Arunachal Pradesh is home to a very rich mammalian wildlife population as the wide variety of altitudinal and climatic conditions have given rise to different forest types which create corresponding natural shelter , food etc. to varieties of wildlife. It has two National Parks and four Wildlife Sanctuaries. It is home to many rare and highly endangered species of Wild life like Mishmi, Takin, Hoolock Gibbon, Musk Deer, Bharal, Hisbid Hare, Flying Squirrel and more than 500 species of birds.
More than five hundred bird species have been recorded in Arunachal Pradesh, many of which are highly endangered and restricted to this state , e.g. White winged wood duck, sclater monal, temminck's tragopan, Bangal florican etc.
A striking feature of the topography includes wide ranging snow clad mountain peaks and has five major rivers gushing down along with a number of tributaries. These in fact are the main draining source for the entire state. There are five major rivers - Kameng, Subansiri, Siang, Lohit and Tirap, which go on to form one of the biggest river systems in the world, the mighty Brahmaputra. Brahmaputra referred to as "Siang" in Arunachal Pradesh, which has its origin in China. The snow peaked mountain ranges of Arunachal is home to some of the tallest peaks of the world. The most famous being Gorichen, Kangto and Takpa Shri.
The weather and the climate of Arunachal Pradesh are quite distinct from the rest of the country. Arunachal Pradesh experiences extremely hot and humid weather varying from tropical, to temperate and alpine and are covered by swampy and dense forests. However, at the higher altitude it is very cold and as far as rainfall is concerned, it is heaviest in the country.
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